integer_charge(particle: plasmapy.atomic.particle_class.Particle) → int¶
Return the integer charge of a particle.
str) – String representing a particle.
Z – The charge as a multiple of the elementary charge.
Return type: Raises:
InvalidParticleError– If the argument does not correspond to a valid particle or contradictory information is provided.
ChargeError– If charge information for the particle is not available.
AtomicWarning– If the input represents an ion with an integer charge that is less than or equal to -3, which is unlikely to occur in nature.
This function supports two formats for integer charge information.
The first format is a string that has information for the element or isotope at the beginning, a space in between, and the integer charge information in the form of an integer followed by a plus or minus sign, or a plus or minus sign followed by an integer.
The second format is a string containing element information at the beginning, following by one or more plus or minus signs.
>>> integer_charge('Fe-56 2+') 2 >>> integer_charge('He -2') -2 >>> integer_charge('H+') 1 >>> integer_charge('N-14++') 2