cold_plasma_permittivity_SDP

plasmapy.physics.dielectric.cold_plasma_permittivity_SDP(B, species, n, omega)

Magnetized Cold Plasma Dielectric Permittivity Tensor Elements.

Elements (S, D, P) are given in the “Stix” frame, ie. with B // z.

The \(\exp(-i \omega t)\) time-harmonic convention is assumed.

Parameters:
  • B (Quantity) – Magnetic field magnitude in units convertible to tesla.
  • species (list of str) – List of the plasma particle species e.g.: [‘e’, ‘D+’] or [‘e’, ‘D+’, ‘He+’].
  • n (list of ~astropy.units.Quantity) – list of species density in units convertible to per cubic meter The order of the species densities should follow species.
  • omega (Quantity) – Electromagnetic wave frequency in rad/s.
Returns:

  • S (~astropy.units.Quantity) – S (“Sum”) dielectric tensor element.
  • D (~astropy.units.Quantity) – D (“Difference”) dielectric tensor element.
  • P (~astropy.units.Quantity) – P (“Plasma”) dielectric tensor element.

Notes

The dielectric permittivity tensor is expressed in the Stix frame with the \(\exp(-i \omega t)\) time-harmonic convention as \(\varepsilon = \varepsilon_0 A\), with \(A\) being

\[\begin{split}\varepsilon = \varepsilon_0 \left(\begin{matrix} S & -i D & 0 \\ +i D & S & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & P \end{matrix}\right)\end{split}\]

where:

\[ \begin{align}\begin{aligned}S = 1 - \sum_s \frac{\omega_{p,s}^2}{\omega^2 - \Omega_{c,s}^2}\\D = \sum_s \frac{\Omega_{c,s}}{\omega} \frac{\omega_{p,s}^2}{\omega^2 - \Omega_{c,s}^2}\\P = 1 - \sum_s \frac{\omega_{p,s}^2}{\omega^2}\end{aligned}\end{align} \]

where \(\omega_{p,s}\) is the plasma frequency and \(\Omega_{c,s}\) is the signed version of the cyclotron frequency for the species \(s\).

References

  • T.H. Stix, Waves in Plasma, 1992.

Examples

>>> from astropy import units as u
>>> from plasmapy.constants import pi
>>> B = 2*u.T
>>> species = ['e', 'D+']
>>> n = [1e18*u.m**-3, 1e18*u.m**-3]
>>> omega = 3.7e9*(2*pi)*(u.rad/u.s)
>>> S, D, P = cold_plasma_permittivity_SDP(B, species, n, omega)
>>> S
<Quantity 1.02422902>
>>> D
<Quantity 0.39089352>
>>> P
<Quantity -4.8903104>