Debye_number

plasmapy.formulary.parameters.Debye_number(T_e: Unit('K'), n_e: Unit('1 / m3'))

Return the number of electrons within a sphere with a radius of the Debye length.

Aliases: nD_

Parameters
  • T_e (Quantity) – Electron temperature.

  • n_e (Quantity) – Electron number density.

Raises
Warns

UnitsWarning – If units are not provided, SI units are assumed.

Returns

N_D – Number of electrons within a sphere with a radius of the Debye length.

Return type

Quantity

Notes

The Debye number is the number of electrons contained within a sphere with a radius of a Debye length and is given by

\[N_D = \frac{4π}{3} n_e λ_D^3\]

The Debye number is also known as the plasma parameter.

Collective behavior requires \(N_D ≫ 1\).

See also

Debye_length

Examples

>>> from astropy import units as u
>>> Debye_number(5e6*u.K, 5e9*u.cm**-3)
<Quantity 2.17658...e+08>