# nuclear_reaction_energy¶

plasmapy.particles.nuclear_reaction_energy(*args, **kwargs)

Return the released energy from a nuclear reaction.

Parameters
Returns

energy – The difference between the mass energy of the reactants and the mass energy of the products in a nuclear reaction. This quantity will be positive if the reaction is exothermic (releases energy) and negative if the reaction is endothermic (absorbs energy).

Return type

Quantity

Raises
• ParticleError – If the reaction is not valid, there is insufficient information to determine an isotope, the baryon number is not conserved, or the charge is not conserved.

• TypeError – If the positional input for the reaction is not a string, or reactants and/or products is not of an appropriate type.

nuclear_binding_energy

finds the binding energy of an isotope

Notes

This function requires either a string containing the nuclear reaction, or reactants and products as two keyword-only lists containing strings representing the isotopes and other particles participating in the reaction.

Examples

>>> from astropy import units as u

>>> nuclear_reaction_energy("D + T --> alpha + n")
<Quantity 2.8181e-12 J>

>>> triple_alpha1 = '2*He-4 --> Be-8'
>>> triple_alpha2 = 'Be-8 + alpha --> carbon-12'
>>> energy_triplealpha1 = nuclear_reaction_energy(triple_alpha1)
>>> energy_triplealpha2 = nuclear_reaction_energy(triple_alpha2)
>>> print(energy_triplealpha1, energy_triplealpha2)
-1.471430e-14 J 1.1802573e-12 J
>>> energy_triplealpha2.to(u.MeV)
<Quantity 7.3665870 MeV>

>>> nuclear_reaction_energy(reactants=['n'], products=['p+', 'e-'])
<Quantity 1.25343e-13 J>